scishow theme Focus your eyes on this swinging watch. You’re getting sleepy, very sleepy. And now, when I snap my fingers You will watch this whole tutorial. *SNAPS*.
You may have seen hypnotists make people fall asleep on command, quack like a duck, or even change personalities, like in the movie Office Space And these performances can make hyponsis seem pretty questionable to the average skeptical person. So, is there really that kind of power in a soothing voice and a swinging watch? Well, it turns out that hypnosis isn’t just a party trick. There’s scientific evidence that being hypnotized is possible and might cause some real changes in your brain.
Some psychologists even use it as a therapy to help patients with a bunch of physical and mental conditions. So, hypnosis is probably real. Just not in the exaggerated brainwashing way you might think. Different meditation techniques and trance like states have been documented for thousands of years. But what we consider to be modern hypnosis began in the 1700s partially thanks to a physician named Franz Mesmer. Which is where we got the word mesmerize. See, Mesmer had a theory about nature that he called animal magnetism.
But he wasn’t just talking about sex appeal. He thought that there were invisible, magnetic fluids that flowed through living creatures and he claimed he could cure people of all kinds of illnesses by adjusting that flow. Using dim lights, ethereal music, magnets and flashy hand gestures, Mesmer induced a trancelike state in some of his clients and tried to balance this invisible fluid. Some of Mesmer’s patients did get healthier after his treatments.
But when the scientific community put the theory of animal magnetism to the test, they found that a magnetic fluid with healing powers was just not a real thing. So Mesmer and his research were discredited, and many scientists didn’t give the idea of therapeutic trancelike state a second thought. At least, until the mid1800s. That’s when surgeon James Braid began to study this potential therapy.
He coined the word hypnosis to describe it, from the greek word hypnos because he thought the trancelike state was similar to sleep. Nowadays, al psychologists think hypnosis only seems like drowsiness when it’s actually a focused psychological state, kind of similar to meditation. And unlike the flashy hypnotism you might see on TV, al hypnosis is pretty simple. It’s all about focus.
So hypnosis usually takes place in a dimly lit, quiet room. Sometimes there is gentle music playing, but the goal is to remove all distractions. The hypnotist speaks softly, encourages the client to focus their attention on something like maybe a dangling pocket watch, and walks them through relaxation exercises. Eventually, they will reach a state of focus relaxation which just means they are calm, focused and more open to suggestion.
That way, hypnotists can guide their clients through different visualizations or instructions, depending on the goals of the hypnotherapy. Pretty simple, right? al psychologists agree that this relaxed and focused trance is the goal of hypnosis. But there are two main theories about what being hypnotized actually means psychologically. The altered state theory says that hypnosis actually leads to a distinct state of consciousness.
Hypnosis and meditation Processing the Environment MCAT Khan Academy
Voiceover: so far in this tutorial, we’ve talked about states of consciousness that occur naturally, meaning you don’t really have to try to be awake, or to fall asleep. But there are some states of consciousness.
That do require some effort. So now I’m gonna talk about a couple induced states of consciousness: hypnosis and meditation. When you think of hypnosis, you might think of the typical Hollywood depiction.
Of some creepy guy, who swings a pocket watch in front of people’s faces, and then gets them to start clucking like a chicken, or something else they would never do normally. But, don’t worry, no one can actually do that do you without your consent.
A hypnotist’s power rests completely in how open you, or the person being hypnotized, are to suggestion. And most people are open to some degree of suggestion at least. For example, try this with someone.
Who hasn’t seen this tutorial: Get them to stand up, and close their eyes, and then tell them that they’re swaying back and forth. So don’t tell them to sway back and forth, just tell them that, that’s what they’re doing. And most people, when they hear you tell them.
That they’re swaying, will actually start swaying, if they weren’t before. But if they know what’s coming, and don’t want to be swayed (ha ha), then this won’t work. It’s the same with hypnotism: It usually involves getting people to relax,.
And focus on a particular spot, or internal function like breathing, and people become more susceptible to suggestion in this state, but only if they want to. So, as you enter into that state of hypnosis,.
An eeg would pick up more alpha waves in your brain, indicating an awake, but relaxed state. And some people use hypnosis to try to retrieve memories, which is kind of dangerous, and not scientific. ‘Cause memory is very malleable,.