Hi. i’m gill at engvid , and today’s lesson is about accents in the U.K. So, U.K. accents and also dialects. Okay, so what’s the difference between an accent and a dialect? Right. Well, an accent, as you know, is to do with pronunciation, how you pronounce the word. Dialect is when you have a word that only people in a certain area of the country.
Use; it’s not a national word, it’s a local word that maybe people from other parts of the country, they won’t even know what it means, so that’s dialect. Okay. So, let’s just have a look through some of the accents that we have in the U.K. The one that you’re probably learning as you’re learning to pronounce English words is RP. RP stands for Received Pronunciation. It’s a slightly strange term. Received where do you receive it from? Well, maybe you receive it from your teacher.
This is how to say this word. It’s a slightly strange expression, but RP, it’s usually referred to by the initials. And it’s the kind of accent you will hear if you’re watching BBC Television programs or listening to BBC Radio. Not everybody on the BBC speaks with an RP accent. The news readers tend to be RP speakers, but not always. But the strange thing is that in this country,.
Only a very small percentage of people do speak with this accent. Apparently, just 3%, but they tend to be people in positions of power, authority, responsibility. They probably earn a lot of money. They live in big houses. You know the idea. So, people like the Prime Minster, at the moment David Cameron, he went to a private school, he went to university, Oxford, so people who have been to Oxford and Cambridge Universities often speak in.
Rp, even if they didn’t speak in rp before they went to oxford or cambridge, they often change their accent while they are there because of the big influence of their surroundings and the people that they’re meeting. So that’s RP. It’s a very clear accent. So, it’s probably a good idea to either learn to speak English with an RP accent, or you may be learning with an American accent, a Canadian accent, all of those accents are very clear. Okay. And being clear is the most important thing.
Okay, so moving on. rp, as i should have said, is mostly in the south of the country; london and the south. So, also Cockney and Estuary English are in the south. Okay. So, Cockney is the local London accent, and it tends to spread further out to places like Kent, Essex, other places like that. Surrey. There’s a newer version of Cockney called Estuary English. If you think an estuary is connected to a river, so the River Thames which flows across the country, goes quite a long way west. So anyone living along the estuary, near the.
River can possibly have this accent as well. So, just to give you some examples, then, of the Cockney accent, there are different features. So, one example is the th sound, as you know to make a th sound, some of you may find it difficult anyway, the, when you put your tongue through your teeth, the, but a Cockney person may not use the the, they will use an f sound or a v sound instead, so the word think, I think, they would say would say instead of: think,.
They would say it like that: fink, fink, and the top teeth are on the bottom lip, think. And words like with that end with the th, instead of with, it will be wiv, wiv, wiv. Are you coming wiv me? So that is one of the things that happens with the Cockney accent. Words like together would be togever. Okay? The number three, three is often pronounced.
Is Hypnosis A Complete Hoax
You are getting sleepy, very, very sleepy.your eyelids are getting heavy. youre falling into a deep state of hypnosis LIKE AND SUBSCRIBE TO DNEWS NOW Hey there hypnosisters, Jules here for DNews! Now, youve all seen those magicians who call up audience members to the stage, hypnotize them, and they dance around like a chicken or take off their pants.
But if you live in the united kingdom, you might have no idea what im talking about. Because TV stations in the UK are prohibited from broadcasting an entire hypnotic routine, fearing that viewers at home may become hypnotized! In fact, in 1952, the UK passed the Hypnosis Act, which levies up to a 1,000 pound fine on those who practice unregulated hypnosis for entertainment purposes. So is there legitimacy to hypnosis?.
Well what is hypnosis anyway? The Society of Psychological Hypnosis, which is an actual division of the American Psychological Association, defines hypnosis as A state of consciousness involving focused attention and reduced peripheral awareness characterized by an enhanced capacity for response to suggestion. What we know as modern day hypnotism originated out of pure animal magnetism. No, seriously, the term animal magnetism was the original name given to the supposedly.
Manipulatable force exuded by all living animals, as posited by franz friedrich anton mesmer in the 18th and early 19th century. His efforts at using animal magnetism for healing, which was also called mesmerism, which is the same place we get the term mesmerize from, was an early form of hypnosis. But according to psychologists like Robert A. Baker, hypnosis is simply a learned social behavior, where participants are playing a role and mostly using their imagination.
However, a new study out of stanford university actually lends credibility to the idea that maybe hypnosis isnt all just selfconvinced makebelieve. The study looked at 57 subjects, split roughly into those with very low and very high susceptibility to hypnosis. The participants were put into an fMRI machine, which measures which parts of brain fill up with blood, and they found that when subjects of both low and high susceptibility were hypnotized,.
There was reduced activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and increased activity between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the brains salience network. Got it? Great, moving on. What? Oh, okay.
So for those of you who dont know all the different parts of the brain and what they do and how that whole mess works: Basically, these parts of the brain are directly responsible for focusing attention, controlling movement and emotion, and regulating just how selfconscious you feel. So, the parts of the brain correlated with planning and executing tasks, and the part that causes selfreflection interact less when a person is hypnotized, making them not.
So selfconscious about jumping up and down like a chicken on stage. So hypnosis is real? Well yeah, in a way. Hypnosis is a state of consciousness similar to meditation, which is totally real. In fact, despite its bad rap, hypnosis is used in hypnotherapy. Practitioners say that the biggest benefit is that the shift in brain activity, as shown.